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Slovakia’s Political Shift and the EU’s Unity Challenge;Think Tank


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Slovakia, a member of the European Union (EU), the eurozone, and NATO, finds itself at a crossroads.

The recent political resurgence of Robert Fico, Slovakia’s longest-serving prime minister, threatens to alter the country’s foreign policy stance and potentially challenge the EU’s unity, especially concerning Russia. This article explores Slovakia’s evolving political landscape and its implications for Russian influence in Europe.


Fico’s Political Resurgence


In 2018, Robert Fico was forced out of office amidst mass protests, corruption allegations, and dwindling public support. However, Fico has made a political comeback, capitalizing on concerns arising from the war in Ukraine. He seeks to regain power in Slovakia’s upcoming elections by tapping into the country’s pro-Russian sentiments.


Challenges to EU Unity


Slovakia’s political shift under Fico poses a challenge to the EU’s ability to maintain a united front against Russian aggression. In a region already marked by the disruptive leadership of figures like Viktor Orban in Hungary and Poland’s nationalist Law & Justice Party, Slovakia’s potential alignment with Russia could further strain EU cohesion.


Fico’s Controversial Stances


Fico’s campaign rhetoric includes promises to end military aid to Ukraine, accusations that Slovakia’s president is an “American agent,” and opposition to NATO membership for Ukraine. These stances run counter to the EU’s and NATO’s positions on supporting Ukraine and deterring Russian aggression.


Slovakia’s Support for Ukraine


Despite Fico’s resurgence, Slovakia has generally stood firm in its support for Ukraine since Russia’s invasion in 2022. The country has provided military aid, welcomed Ukrainian refugees, and endorsed sanctions against Russia, even when they affected its energy supplies. However, Fico’s return could potentially reverse this support.


Potential Outcomes


If Fico returns to power, Slovakia’s cooperation with NATO and the EU may be jeopardized, given his critical stance towards these institutions. Additionally, Fico’s alignment with pro-Russian sentiments could bolster the influence of leaders like Viktor Orban, who also opposes sanctions against Russia.




Slovakia’s political landscape is in flux, with the potential resurgence of Robert Fico threatening to alter the country’s foreign policy orientation. This shift could challenge the unity of the EU and its stance against Russian belligerence. As Slovakia heads to the polls, the outcome will have implications not only for the nation but also for European geopolitics and Russia’s influence in the region. Monitoring these developments is vital for understanding the evolving dynamics of Russian influence in Europe.

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