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Philippines Faces Job Crisis: Decline in Employment Sparks Concern


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This research article delves into the recent trends of declining employment and labor force participation in the Philippines, drawing insights from data provided by the Philippine Statistics Authority’s Labor Force Survey.

The study aims to understand the underlying causes of this phenomenon and assess its implications for the Filipino workforce and the economy as a whole. Through a comprehensive analysis of key indicators and trends, the research sheds light on the challenges faced by the labor market and offers recommendations for policy interventions to address the pressing issue of unemployment and underemployment.

The Philippines has experienced a notable decline in employment and labor force participation over the past year, as evidenced by data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). This trend has raised concerns among policymakers, researchers, and civil society organizations about its impact on economic growth, poverty alleviation, and social stability. In this research article, we delve into the factors driving this decline, analyze its repercussions on different segments of the population, and propose strategies to mitigate its adverse effects.


This study utilizes a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative analysis of labor market data with qualitative insights from interviews and focus group discussions. The primary data source is the PSA’s Labor Force Survey, which provides comprehensive information on employment, unemployment, and underemployment rates, as well as demographic characteristics of the labor force. Secondary data from government reports, academic studies, and international organizations are also utilized to provide context and corroborate findings.



Decline in Employed Individuals: The PSA’s Labor Force Survey reveals a significant decrease in the number of employed individuals in the Philippines over the past 12 months. From January 2023 to January 2024, the employed population decreased by 1.41 million, dropping from 47.35 million to 45.94 million.

Contraction of the Labor Force: Concurrently, the labor force contracted by 1.6 million during the same period, falling from 49.73 million to 48.09 million. This decline indicates a reduction in the number of individuals actively participating in the workforce.

Rise in ‘Not in the Labor Force’ Population: The number of individuals classified as “not in the labor force” surged by 3.2 million to approximately 30.6 million, reflecting a growing segment of the population disengaged from formal employment.


The observed decline in employment and labor force participation can be attributed to various factors, including economic downturns, structural shifts in the labor market, and policy decisions affecting job creation and retention. The rise in informal sector employment, coupled with vulnerabilities in key industries such as manufacturing and agriculture, has exacerbated the situation, leading to widespread job losses and underemployment. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic and its aftermath have further strained the labor market, resulting in heightened uncertainties and challenges for workers and employers alike.


In conclusion, the findings of this research underscore the urgency of addressing the root causes of unemployment and underemployment in the Philippines. Policy interventions aimed at stimulating domestic agriculture, promoting local industries, and fostering entrepreneurship are critical to generating sustainable and inclusive employment opportunities. Moreover, investments in education, skills training, and social protection are essential to equip workers with the tools and resources needed to navigate the evolving labor market landscape. By adopting a multi-dimensional approach that addresses both demand-side and supply-side factors, policymakers can chart a path towards a more resilient and equitable labor market that benefits all Filipinos.

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