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Think Tank Urges International Action as Sudan’s Capital Grapples with Escalating Violence


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Ongoing violence in Sudan’s capital has plunged the city into chaos, with artillery fire, airstrikes, and gun battles becoming a daily occurrence. Witnesses describe a dire situation as relief efforts struggle to make headway amidst the conflict that has lasted for over two months.

This article provides an overview of the escalating crisis in Khartoum, shedding light on the challenges faced by residents and aid organizations, as well as the potential consequences for the region.


Unabated Fighting and Strained Relief Efforts:

The fighting in Khartoum shows no signs of abating, causing homes to tremble and families to take shelter amidst dwindling supplies and scorching summer temperatures.

According to the United Nations, nearly 1.5 million people have already fled the capital since the eruption of violence in mid-April, as clashes between the regular army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces intensify.


Critical Infrastructure and Humanitarian Crisis:

Entire districts of Khartoum now face severe water shortages, with electricity also unavailable to residents since Thursday. The battle for power between army chief Abdel-Fattah Burhan and his former deputy, RSF commander Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, has claimed the lives of over 2,000 people, further exacerbating the dire situation.

Health facilities in the main conflict areas are mostly non-operational, facing acute shortages of medical supplies and fuel for power generators. The UN reports that a staggering 25 million people, over half of Sudan’s population, require urgent aid and protection.


Hurdles in Aid Delivery:

Despite efforts to provide assistance, aid agencies face significant challenges in reaching those in need. Obtaining visas for foreign humanitarians and securing safe corridors remain major obstacles.

The International Crisis Group (ICG) highlights that the army’s reluctance to allow aid into the capital stems from concerns that it may fall into the hands of the RSF, prolonging the conflict. The United States and Saudi Arabia, previously involved in mediation efforts, have temporarily halted their initiatives.


Escalating Conflict and Regional Ramifications:

With neither side showing a willingness to back down, the risk of prolonged conflict looms large, carrying potential regional repercussions. Over 150,000 people have already sought refuge in Chad, exacerbating the country’s existing refugee crisis.

Chad’s Prime Minister Saleh Kebzabo emphasizes the urgent need for substantial financial and technical support to address this unprecedented migratory crisis.

The RSF, originating from the Janjaweed militias unleashed by former leader Omar al-Bashir, could further destabilize the region if Sudan collapses, warns the ICG.


Hope Amidst Desperation:

In the face of such immense challenges, Sudanese individuals like Maha Abdullah, a tearful woman who reached Saudi Arabia for the hajj pilgrimage, express their belief in divine intervention as the ultimate solution.

However, the path to stability and relief for Sudan remains uncertain, requiring concerted international efforts and a resolution to the power struggle between the rival factions.



As conflict continues to ravage Sudan’s capital, the plight of its residents worsens, with relief efforts hampered by numerous obstacles. The urgent need for aid, security, and stability cannot be understated.

Swift action and international support are crucial to mitigating the escalating crisis and averting further regional consequences. The future of Sudan hangs in the balance, demanding collective efforts to bring about lasting peace and provide essential assistance to those affected.

Muhammad Arshad
Muhammad Arshad
Mr Arshad is is an experienced journalist who currently holds the position of Deputy Editor (Editorial) at The Think Tank Journal.

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