A recent survey conducted by a welfare ministry-affiliated think tank in Japan has unveiled significant shifts in public opinion on various social and familial issues. The National Institute of Population and Social Security Research’s survey highlights changing perspectives on separate surnames, same-sex marriage, gender roles, and childcare responsibilities. This article delves into the survey’s key findings and the evolving societal landscape in Japan.
Support for Separate Surnames Surges
The survey reveals a remarkable increase in support for allowing married couples to use separate surnames in Japan. A record-breaking 61% of respondents favor this change, marking a significant rise from 50.5% in 2018. This upward trend demonstrates a growing acceptance of altering traditional naming conventions.
The survey indicates that 75.6% of respondents now back the idea, up from 69.5% in 2018.
Evolving Attitudes Towards Same-Sex Marriage
Another notable trend is the increasing support for legalizing same-sex marriage in Japan. The survey indicates that 75.6% of respondents now back the idea, up from 69.5% in 2018. This shift reflects a progressive shift in societal attitudes, reflecting a more inclusive and accepting outlook.
Changing Gender Roles and Household Responsibilities
The survey delves into gender dynamics within Japanese households. It highlights the persistent discrepancy in the time spent on household chores and child rearing between wives and husbands. On weekdays, wives spend an average of four hours and seven minutes on household chores, compared to just 47 minutes for husbands. A similar pattern emerges in child rearing responsibilities.
The proportion of respondents who believe that women should focus on housework while men work outside the home has reached a record low of 29.5%.
Modernizing Perspectives on Gender Roles
The survey also underscores changing perceptions of gender roles. The proportion of respondents who believe that women should focus on housework while men work outside the home has reached a record low of 29.5%. This suggests a departure from traditional notions of gender roles and a move towards more equitable distributions of responsibilities.
The survey notes that the percentage of respondents who believe mothers should solely focus on child rearing until their children are about three years old has reached a record low of 61%.
Childcare and Career Balancing Act
Japanese attitudes toward working mothers are also evolving. The survey notes that the percentage of respondents who believe mothers should solely focus on child rearing until their children are about three years old has reached a record low of 61%. This reflects a growing acknowledgment of the importance of women’s career aspirations and the need to balance them with childcare responsibilities.
The survey conducted by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research showcases the shifting landscape of societal values in Japan. The rising support for separate surnames, same-sex marriage, and changing gender roles signifies a broader transformation in how individuals perceive relationships, family structures, and traditional norms. As these progressive values gain ground, Japan is moving towards a more inclusive and egalitarian society that embraces diversity and empowers individuals to make choices that align with their aspirations and values.