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Think Tank Insights: Beijing and Hong Kong’s Response to Fukushima Water


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Beijing and Hong Kong are poised to intensify their import restrictions on Japanese food products in response to Japan’s decision to release treated water from the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant into the Pacific. This development has triggered concerns about nuclear contamination and food safety, prompting China and its special administrative regions to take action. This article examines the evolving situation, the reactions from Chinese officials, and the potential impact on Japan’s food exports.


Expanding Import Restrictions

Hong Kong, alongside Beijing, is set to implement stricter import bans on Japanese food items. Hong Kong’s leader, John Lee, emphasized the government’s commitment to ensuring food safety and people’s health. Similarly, Macau is also reportedly considering import bans on fishery products, fruits, and vegetables from Fukushima and other prefectures affected by the Fukushima disaster.


China’s Concerns and Reaction

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin voiced apprehension about the release of treated water from the Fukushima plant, characterizing it as “nuclear-contaminated.” Beijing’s intention is to protect the marine environment, ensure food safety, and safeguard public health. Vice Foreign Minister Sun Weidong summoned Japan’s Ambassador to China, Hideo Tarumi, to demand a withdrawal of Japan’s water release decision.


Dispute Over Water Description

While Japan asserts that the water being released is treated and not contaminated, Chinese officials have challenged this distinction. Tarumi emphasized that the water should not be labeled as contaminated, urging Beijing to acknowledge the treated nature of the released water.


Impact on Japanese Food Exports

The stringent import measures are likely to have repercussions on Japan’s food exports, particularly to mainland China and Hong Kong. Chinese customs have reported a 35% decline in fishery imports from Japan in July, amounting to $32.38 million. Given that 36% of Japan’s exports in the agricultural, forestry, fishery, and food sectors went to mainland China and Hong Kong combined in 2022, the heightened restrictions could impact Japan’s trade dynamics.



The clash over the treated water release from the Fukushima plant has triggered an escalation in import restrictions on Japanese food products by China, Hong Kong, and potentially Macau. While Japan maintains that the water poses no contamination risk, Chinese authorities remain concerned about its potential impact on the marine environment and food safety. As tensions persist, the consequences on Japan’s food exports and the delicate trade relationships between these regions remain to be seen.

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