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German Think Tank Highlights Turkey’s Authoritarian Shift


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The latest Bertelsmann Stiftung Foundation‘s Transformation Index (BTI) 2024 report has cast a stark light on Turkey’s political and economic landscape. Here’s a breakdown of the key findings and implications:

The Era of Autocratic Rule:

The BTI report underscores Turkey’s shift towards autocracy, culminating in the establishment of a presidential republic under President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Following the failed coup in 2016, Turkey witnessed a consolidation of autocratic governance, marked by extensive restrictions on freedoms and erosion of the rule of law.

Governance Challenges:

Highly centralized decision-making led by the president has led to inefficiencies and a lack of coordination among state institutions. The erosion of expertise within the state apparatus and prevalence of clientelism and nepotism further exacerbate governance challenges.

Fragile Economy:

Turkey’s economy faces structural deficiencies and weakened institutional frameworks, hindering socio-economic development, market competition, and monetary stability. Challenges in sustainability, including environmental and climate policies, add to economic woes.

Political and Economic Outlook:

The absence of a viable opposition amid political repression poses bleak prospects for Turkey’s future. A wave of emigration, particularly among the young and educated, underscores growing disillusionment.

International Perspective:

Turkey’s trajectory mirrors a global trend of declining democracy, with the BTI highlighting a gradual erosion of democratic norms worldwide. The crackdown on dissent post-2016 coup attempt has strained Turkey’s relations with Western allies and dampened the foreign investment climate.

Ranking and Scores:

Turkey scores moderately on political transformation (4.23) and economic transformation (5.68) but fares poorly in governance (3.75). Its overall average score of 4.96 places it behind several countries, signaling a concerning decline compared to previous years.

The BTI 2024 report paints a sobering picture of Turkey’s trajectory, underscoring the urgent need for reforms to restore democratic principles, strengthen governance, and revitalize the economy.

Saeed Minhas
Saeed Minhas
Saeed Minhas is an accomplished journalist with extensive experience in the field. He has held prominent positions such as Editor at Daily Times and Daily Duniya. Currently, he serves as the Chief Editor (National) at The Think Tank Journal

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