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Wind Generation Surges, Leaving Coal Behind in Europe


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In a historic shift, Europe’s wind energy outpaces coal in electricity generation, marking a crucial milestone in the region’s transition to cleaner energy sources.

Europe’s energy landscape witnesses a significant transformation as wind power surpasses coal in electricity generation during the last quarter of 2023, showcasing the region’s commitment to sustainable energy practices.


Record-Breaking Wind Generation:

Data from think tank Ember reveals that European utilities generated a record 193 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity from wind sources, outstripping the 184 TWh produced by coal-fired power plants in the same period. This remarkable achievement underscores the growing prominence of renewable energy in the continent’s power generation mix.


2023 Setbacks and 2024 Prospects:

Despite challenges faced by the wind installation sector in 2023, including high costs and financing issues, wind generation during the final quarter surged by approximately 20% compared to the same period in 2022. New policy support, initiated by European lawmakers in late 2023, aims to further boost wind generation in 2024, potentially widening the gap between wind and coal.


Uncertain Outlook for Coal:

While additional wind capacity is anticipated in 2024, the future of coal-fired generation remains uncertain. Germany, Poland, and Turkey, accounting for half of Europe’s coal-fired generation, will play a pivotal role in determining whether the region sustains its clean energy momentum away from fossil fuels.


Economic Factors and Coal Usage:

Economic momentum will be a decisive factor in the outlook for coal-fired generation. If manufacturing activity expands in 2024 due to supportive government policies, coal usage might rise alongside renewables. However, if industrial activity remains subdued, clean electricity’s proportion in the generation mix is expected to increase.


Wind Power Projects and Tenders:

Power developers are set to increase wind power project construction and grid connection in 2024. Key markets such as Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain, France, and Denmark will witness growth, with government tenders for new wind capacity anticipated. Germany plans an 8 GW offshore capacity tender, Denmark eyes auctions for 9 GW of offshore projects, and France supports the construction of floating wind farms.


Long-Term Implications:

As new wind projects come online, Europe’s total wind generation is poised to exceed the 604 TWh produced in 2023. While coal-fired power generation may experience a modest uptick with industrial recovery, wind power is anticipated to consistently overshadow coal power in Europe’s electricity generation mix in the long run.



Europe’s shift towards wind dominance in electricity generation marks a remarkable achievement in the ongoing transition to cleaner energy. With ambitious projects and supportive policies, the region is paving the way for a sustainable energy future, reduc

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