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Global Conflicts Claim Over 238,000 Lives in 2022; think tank

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Conflicts continue to wreak havoc around the world, causing an alarming number of deaths and profound economic consequences. The recently released Global Peace Index, compiled by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) based in Sydney, sheds light on the grim reality of global conflicts. This article delves into the key findings of the report, highlighting the escalating number of conflict-related deaths, the economic toll of wars, and the enduring nature of these conflicts. It also examines the rise of non-state groups utilizing drones and provides insights into regional trends in peacefulness.

 

Escalating Conflict Deaths and Economic Losses:

 

In 2022, global conflict deaths reached a staggering figure of over 238,000, marking a significant increase compared to previous years. The Global Peace Index report reveals that conflicts caused a 13% loss of global GDP, underlining the severe economic consequences of ongoing wars.

This sharp rise in conflict-related deaths was predominantly driven by the war in Ukraine, where 83,000 lives were lost. However, the bloodiest conflict occurred in Ethiopia, claiming the lives of 100,000 individuals. These alarming statistics emphasize the urgent need for global peacebuilding efforts.

The recently released Global Peace Index, compiled by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) based in Sydney, sheds light on the grim reality of global conflicts.

Protracted Conflicts and Challenges:

The report highlights the prolonged nature of conflicts, stating that wars are incredibly challenging to resolve. The conflicts in Yemen and Syria have been ongoing for 9 and 12 years, respectively, with no apparent prospects for a military victory. Steve Killelea, founder and executive chairman of IEP, emphasizes the difficulty of achieving resolution in such protracted conflicts.

The report also reveals a significant increase in the use of drones by non-state groups, with the number of drone strikes nearly tripling between 2018 and 2022. This evolving landscape of warfare poses new challenges and complexities to global security.

 

War and Peace: Enduring Realities:

The Global Peace Index report highlights the durability of both war and peace. Iceland consistently ranks as the world’s most peaceful country for the past 15 years, showcasing the stability and harmony it has achieved.

On the other hand, countries such as Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have persistently ranked among the ten least peaceful nations since 2007. This observation underscores the long-lasting nature of conflicts and the difficulties in establishing sustainable peace in these regions.

 

Regional Peacefulness Trends:

While conflicts persist in various parts of the world, the report indicates a positive trend in the Middle East and North Africa region. Out of the 20 countries assessed in the region, 13 have shown improvements in peacefulness, while only 7 have experienced deterioration. These encouraging developments highlight the potential for positive change and underscore the importance of regional efforts to foster peace, stability, and security.

 

Conclusion:

The Global Peace Index report serves as a stark reminder of the devastating impact of global conflicts on human lives and economic stability. The escalating number of conflict-related deaths and the economic toll they impose demand urgent attention and concerted international efforts for peacebuilding.

The persistence of conflicts in certain regions emphasizes the complexities and challenges involved in resolving protracted wars. However, the report also highlights regional progress in peacefulness, providing hope for positive change.

It is imperative for governments, organizations, and individuals to work collectively towards sustainable peace and global stability to create a safer and more prosperous world for all.

M Moiz
M Moiz
M Moiz, is Research Student at Islamabad research Institute and work with THE THINK TANK JOURNAL

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