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Think Tanks Analyze US-Russia Media Battle in Africa


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As Russia extends its reach in the realm of disinformation campaigns across Africa, experts argue that civil society groups and private organizations could play a pivotal role in combatting this wave of propaganda.

In the wake of Moscow’s disinformation efforts, particularly following the invasion of Ukraine, African nations have emerged as key targets, where political instability provides fertile ground for manipulative narratives.


  1. Exploiting Vulnerabilities: Russia’s Rapid Propaganda Success


Moscow’s Strategic Approach: Since the invasion of Ukraine, Russia has effectively harnessed social media platforms to disseminate disinformation across Africa, capitalizing on political instability in regions like the Sahel, Central Africa, and Mozambique.


The Garden of Eden for Disinformation: According to Dan Whitman, a foreign policy analyst, Russia thrives on exploiting existing instability rather than causing it. Whitman asserts that Russia’s approach is systematic and strategic, making it distinct from other major powers.


  1. Material Wealth vs. Influence


Limited Material Influence: Despite its disinformation efforts, Russia’s material influence in Africa remains minimal, with less than 1% of commercial exchange originating from Russia.


Trade Imbalance: Trade statistics reveal that Africa’s economic interactions with the European Union, China, and the United States far surpass those with Russia.


  1. Concerns Over Russian Interference and the US Elections


Future Election Meddling: Experts express concerns over possible Russian interference in the 2024 U.S. elections, building on its track record of election interference.


Need for Accountability: Addressing this challenge necessitates mechanisms to hold the Kremlin accountable for its disinformation activities.


  1. Empowering Civil Society and Private Organizations


Countermeasures: To counter Russian disinformation, experts suggest empowering civil society groups and private organizations.


Global Support: Support from the U.S. government and Western European governments is crucial for these organizations’ efforts to combat disinformation.


  1. Russia’s Opportunistic Approach: Power Partnerships in Africa


Resource Securing: Russia leverages partnerships with military groups seeking power in regions with instability, such as Sudan, the Sahel, and West Africa, to secure valuable resources.


Accelerating Instability: This opportunistic approach accelerates instability in these regions.


  1. Disinformation Landscape Beyond Russia


Beyond Russia: China and Iran are also engaged in state-backed disinformation campaigns, challenging many nations’ ability to counter these efforts effectively.


Civil Society’s Role: Civil society becomes a security asset, challenging disinformation propagated through mainstream channels.


  1. The African Perspective: Countering Russian Disinformation


African Union’s Role: Experts suggest that the African Union or regional organizations establish independent media monitoring organizations to empower the population to push back against Russian disinformation.


Evolving Tactics: External coordination of disinformation campaigns in Africa is on the rise, with the use of local influencers making it challenging to trace their origins.


  1. Raising Awareness and Building Resilience


Fact-Checking Initiatives: Organizations like Nigeria’s Center for Journalism, Innovation, and Development are at the forefront of fact-checking efforts, noting increased attempts by Russia and China to shape Africa’s discourse.


Countering Misinformation: Fact-checking coalitions and organizations aim to raise awareness of Russia’s disinformation campaigns and influence on social media platforms.




As Russia continues to expand its influence through disinformation campaigns in Africa, the continent faces both challenges and opportunities. While Moscow exploits vulnerabilities arising from instability, civil society groups, fact-checking initiatives, and global support hold the potential to build resilience against manipulative narratives. Awareness and vigilance are key in safeguarding Africa’s information space from external interference.

News Desk, where most of the News Item edit for THE THINK TANK JOURNAL

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