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Think Tank’s Research Unveils Xinjiang’s Detention Complexities


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Xinjiang, a region in China’s northwest, has been the center of intense scrutiny due to allegations of human rights abuses and mass detentions.

Since 2017, more than a million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities have reportedly been swept into internment camps, with contrasting narratives from Beijing and researchers. This article delves into the findings of researchers and journalists who attempted to investigate these alleged detention facilities, highlighting the challenges they faced.


Diverging Narratives:


Beijing maintains that the detention facilities in Xinjiang were voluntary centers aimed at teaching vocational skills. According to Chinese authorities, these centers were closed years ago after their inhabitants had “graduated” into stable employment and better lives. However, researchers, campaigners, and members of the Uyghur diaspora paint a very different picture, alleging widespread human rights abuses and persistent detention.


The Investigative Effort:


In July, journalists from Agence France-Presse (AFP) attempted to visit 26 alleged detention camps in Xinjiang, relying on research conducted by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI). ASPI, partly funded by Western governments, used satellite imagery, public documents, and other sources to pinpoint the locations of these facilities. Their findings directly contradict China’s official narrative.


Operational Facilities:


AFP’s investigation revealed that at least 10 of the observed sites appeared operational. These facilities were characterized by high walls topped with razor wire, watchtowers, and the presence of staff. Some compounds, hidden in remote areas, covered vast areas, suggesting a significant capacity for detainees. However, AFP was not able to enter any of these facilities or identify incarcerated individuals.


Abandoned Sites:


On the other hand, five sites that were allegedly detention centers appeared to have fallen into disuse. These areas matched ASPI’s descriptions but were abandoned, with signs of removed security infrastructure.


Changing Roles:


Notably, seven sites seemed to have undergone changes in purpose since ASPI’s research. One example is Konasheher-6, initially labeled a “re-education facility” by ASPI but appearing to have shifted its role by 2019. AFP reporters encountered structures that now resembled regular Chinese schools, complete with sports facilities. This transformation raises questions about the evolving nature of these facilities.


Questions and Uncertainties:


The investigation encountered several obstacles, with many sites guarded by authorities who prohibited entry and photography. Reporters faced difficulties in obtaining firsthand accounts or evidence of ongoing detentions. Local residents were not questioned to ensure their safety.




The investigation into Xinjiang’s alleged detention facilities paints a complex and contradictory picture. While researchers and journalists have attempted to shed light on the situation, they have faced significant challenges in verifying claims and accessing these sites. The stark contrast between China’s official narrative and the findings of independent research highlights the need for greater transparency and international scrutiny in addressing the ongoing concerns surrounding human rights in Xinjiang.

Saeed Minhas
Saeed Minhas
Saeed Minhas is an accomplished journalist with extensive experience in the field. He has held prominent positions such as Editor at Daily Times and Daily Duniya. Currently, he serves as the Chief Editor (National) at The Think Tank Journal

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