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Think Tank Analysis: Pakistan’s Hajj Participation Remains Consistent Over a Decade


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Every year, millions of Muslims embark on the sacred journey of Hajj, one of the Five Pillars of Islam. In Pakistan, a recent survey conducted by Gallup & Gilani Pakistan sheds light on the nation’s pilgrimage patterns and reveals that 1 in 10 Pakistanis claims to have performed Hajj this year. This finding is not only insightful but also demonstrates a remarkable consistency in Hajj participation over the years.


The Survey Results

A nationally representative sample of adult men and women from across Pakistan participated in the survey, which aimed to gauge the prevalence of Hajj participation. Respondents were asked a straightforward question: “Have you or any member of your family performed Hajj this year?” The results unveiled a fascinating insight into the nation’s pilgrimage traditions:

  • 10% of respondents answered in the affirmative, indicating that they or a family member had indeed undertaken the Hajj pilgrimage this year.
  • A significant majority, comprising 89% of respondents, stated that they had not been a part of the Hajj this year.
  • A mere 1% of respondents either did not know or chose not to respond to the question.

A Decade of Steady Numbers

One of the most intriguing aspects of this survey is its reflection of historical trends in Hajj participation among Pakistanis. Remarkably, the current figure of 10% remains remarkably consistent with data from a decade ago. In 2012, a similar poll found that 12% of Pakistanis claimed to have performed Hajj. Moreover, when the same question was posed in 1987, the percentage was slightly higher at 14%.

This historical consistency suggests that the desire and commitment to undertake the Hajj pilgrimage remain unwavering among a significant segment of Pakistan’s population.


Methodology and Reliability

This enlightening study was conducted and released by the Gilani Research Foundation and executed by Gallup & Gilani Pakistan, the local affiliate of Gallup International. The survey reached out to a diverse sample of 929 men and women residing in both urban and rural areas across all four provinces of Pakistan. The data collection took place over a period spanning from July 7 to July 16, 2023.


The reliability and precision of the survey results are of paramount importance. To ensure accuracy, the error margin is estimated to be approximately ± 2-3 percent at the 95% confidence level. The methodology employed for data collection was telephonic surveys, utilizing Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) techniques.


Conclusion: A Continuing Tradition

The findings of this survey offer a unique glimpse into Pakistan’s enduring commitment to the Hajj pilgrimage. Despite the passage of time and changing societal dynamics, the percentage of Pakistanis participating in Hajj has remained relatively stable over the years. This consistency not only reflects the profound spiritual significance of the Hajj but also underscores the enduring tradition of pilgrimage within Pakistani society.

As millions around the world continue to undertake this sacred journey, Pakistan’s steadfast devotion to the Hajj pilgrimage serves as a testament to the enduring faith and reverence of its people. It is a tradition that transcends generations and remains a powerful symbol of spiritual fulfillment and unity within the Muslim community

M Moiz
M Moiz
M Moiz, is Research Student at Islamabad research Institute and work with THE THINK TANK JOURNAL

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